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Diesel TU gas oil
Diesel TU -toplivo, direct distillation of the kerosene-gas oil fractions. The main advantage of diesel fuel - A-45 cetane number having the property instant ignition of the fuel in the combustion chamber. Flash Point, ASTM D93 of not higher than 70 ° C. Distillation temperature opredelonnayapo ASTM D86, of less than 200 and above 350 ° C.
Diesel GOST 30582 distinguish three types, depending on climate zone. Summertime - used at a temperature above zero. Winter - used at temperatures from minus 20 ° C to minus 30 ° C. Arctic - used when the air temperature to minus 50 ° C.
Fuel oil

Fuel oil, the price of which depends on the quality, are used as fuel for steam boilers, boiler plants and industrial furnaces for the production of bunker fuel oil, heavy fuel engine for kreytskofnyh diesel and bunker fuel. Fuel oil yield was about 50% by weight based on the feed oil. Due to the necessity of its recess further processing oil in an increasing scale is subjected to further processing, distilling off under vacuum distillates, boiling in the range 350-420, 350-450, 350-500 and 430-500 ° C. Vacuum distillates used as a raw material for production of motor fuels by catalytic cracking, hydrocracking of distillate and lubricants. Vacuum distillation residue was used for processing in the thermal cracking and coking, producing a residual lubricating oils and tar, then processed for bitumen.


GASOLINE 92, 95, 98
 
 
Petrol
 - fuel mixture of light hydrocarbons having a boiling point from 33 to 205 ° C (depending on the impurities)
. Density of about 0.71 g / cm 3
 The calorific value of about 10,200 kcal / kg (46 MJ / kg to 34.5 MJ / liter). The freezing point of -72 ° C in the case of the use of special additives.

Aviation kerosene


Aviation fuel produce subsonic aircraft for aviation GOST 10227-86 and
supersonic aircraft in accordancewith GOST 12308-89. Five fuel stamps (TS-1, T-1, T-1C
and T-2 and PT)
is provided for subsonic aircraft, supersonic for - two (T-6 and T-8B).
In most cases the used fuel TS-1 and PT fuel.

Technical kerosene used as a solvent in the washing of machinery and parts, as a solvent in the paint industry as a raw material for the pyrolytic production of ethylene, propylene and aromatic hydrocarbons as a fuel for firing the glass and porcelain.

 
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